EM1 Philip_II_of_Spain_berating_William_the_Silent_Prince_of_Orange_by_Cornelis_Kruseman.jpg

William the Silent was Protestant, but served King Charles who was Catholic. His son, Phillip, King of the Netherlands attacked the Protestants. William raised an army of "Beggars" who fought King Phillip and made William king. Holland proclaimed its sovereignty in 1581.


North America
South America
Pacific Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Indian Ocean
Arctic Ocean



amo - I love, like
do - I give
lavo - I wash
nato - I swim
oro - I speak, pray
paro - I prepare
porto - I carry
servo - I guard, keep
sto - I stand
voco - I call

4 sentence structures

Grammar Revolution


Equation of Ellipse: $$\dfrac{x^2}{a^2} + \dfrac{y^2}{b^2} = 1$$ where a is the distance from the center to the vertices and b is the distance from the center to the co-vertices.

Kepler's laws of planetary motion state that a planet's orbit is elliptical, and the planet moves more slowly further from the sun and more quickly near the sun.

Construct an ellipse & demonstrate equal areas.


Fine Arts
Read poems by George Herbert and write our own poetry in shapes, in the style of these metaphysical poets.

Giovanni Gabrieli
Canzon XVI


Homework Assignments



Writing Assignment
“If you would be a real seeker after truth, it is necessary that at least once in your life you doubt, as far as possible, all things.” -Rene Descartes
Write a one paragraph essay on things you should or should not doubt and the positive and negative effect it has in your life.

Read & analyze George Herbert's poem Easter Wings.

Practice graphing an ellipse from the equation.

Week 1 sentences

Memorize the equation of an ellipse and how to determine the major & minor axes.

Choose a topic from above, research it online. Hint: look for good educational videos on Youtube or Khan Academy. Make a note card of key facts, then do a 5 minute presentation in class next week.

Choose one topic above, do a little research and prepare a 2-3 minute presentation to teach us what you learned in class next week.  Hint: Follow the links above, the suggestions below and/or search Khan Academy or Youtube for good educational videos.

William the Silent
The Netherlands
A timeline event
A country from Geography
English Grammar
A Latin word and its English or Spanish derivates
A math topic
Kepler's life & work
George Herbert's life & work
Giovanni Gabrielli's life & work


Supplemental Classes


Writing Club
Present "Exploring the New World" from a key word outline. Write a key word outline of the paragraph "William the Silent." Be ready to present the paragraph out loud from your key word outline in class next week. Diagram Week 1 sentences.

Make Science
Learn about Kepler's discoveries on the elliptical path of planetary orbits.

Math Club
Learn the properties of ellipses.

Art Appreciation
Make word poetry art.


Book Club
Read The Shakespeare Stealer as a class, annotating themes as we go. Check out an early modern book from the Book Club library, read at least 20 pages, and annotate 5 interesting quotes, vocabulary words, themes or allusions per chapter. Complete Week 1 editing.

Drawing Out Arithmetic
Construct Book 6 Proportions & shapes.

Make History
Build a windmill and read Story of the World, Vol 3, Chapter 2.

Complete Lesson 1 homework and study for Test 1. We'll start Lesson 2 on Tuesday.



Chronos Explorers
Make flower presses and find plant samples for botany book.


8000 BC  Citizens of Jericho build the first walled city
3300 BC  Sumerians invent writing
3100 BC  Narmer unifies Egypt
3100 BC  Early Britons start constructing Avebury and Stonehenge
2750 BC  Imhotep’s first stone pyramid
2700 BC  Uruk’s great King Gilgamesh

2500 BC  Harappa was founded on the Indus River
2340 BC  Sargon of Akkadia
2100 BC  Domestication of the horse, Sintashta
2100 BC  Patriarchs of Israel
2000 BC  Minoans of Crete
1950 BC  Akkadia falls to Babylon
1792 BC  Hammurabi the Amorite rules as King of Babylon
1628 BC  Thera Erupts and tidal waves destroy coastal empires
1600 BC  Hittites rule Anatolia
1558 BC  Shang Dynasty rules the Yellow River Valley
1500 BC  Aryan people enter India
1500 BC  Moses leads the Hebrew Exodus
1500 BC  Phoenicians trade on the Mediterranean
1450 BC  Mycenaeans, the first Greeks
1200 BC  Olmecs, the first Meso- american civilization
1100 BC  Zhou Dynasty overthrow the Shang
1070 BC  Kush rule Nubia
1010 BC  David, King of Israel
1000 BC  Bantu migrate throughout Africa
850 BC  Greek Dark Ages
814 BC  Phoenicians settle Carthage
800 BC  Homer writes his poems
768 BC  Etruscans spread south ofthe Alps
685 BC  Assurbanapal collected cuneiform tablets in his Library at Ninevah
626 BC  Chaldeans defeat the Assyrians
620 BC  The Seven Sages of Greece
605 BC  Nebuchadnezzar exiles the Jews
599 BC  Mahavir, Jain teacher
563 BC  Siddartha Gautama
559 BC  Cyrus the Great rules over Medes and Persians
551 BC  Confucious Reforms China
530 BC  Pythagoreans believe in numbers
500 BC  Darius the Great attacks Greece
500 BC  Lau Tzu teaches Taoism
500 BC  Warring States Period leads to the Qin (Chin) Dynasty
431 BC  The Peloponnesian War
425 BC  Heroditus writes The Histories
399 BC  Socrates teaches Plato
336 BC  Aristotle tutors Alexanderthe Great
335 BC  Alexander the Great conquers the Persians and Egypt
321 BC  Chandragupta and the Mauryan Empire
300 BC  Euclid’s Elements
268 BC  Ashoka rules India
264 BC  Rome fights Carthage in three Punic Wars
250 BC  Archimedes of Syracuse
221 BC  Shi Huangdi, Chinese Emporer
197 BC  Roman Republic conquers the world
140 BC  Hipparchos catalogues the stars in Nicaea
105 BC  Heron’s College in Alexandria
100 BC  The Nazca people flourish
70 BC  Lucretius, Epicurean
59 BC  Julius Caesar, emporer for life
45 BC  Cicero
3 BC  Jesus Christ, Emmanuel, born in Judea, Israel Israel
30  Paul, Missionary to the Gentiles
54  Nero persecutes the early Church
70  Titus destroys Herod’s Temple and Jerusalem
168  Ptolemy writes The Almagest
180  Marcus Aurelius writes Meditations
300  Yamato dynasty in Japan
306  Constantine the Great converts to Christianity
320  Sri Gupta starts India’s Golden Age
380  Augustine of Hippo writes his Confessions
395  Roman Empire divides East and West
410  Visigoths sack Rome
449  Anglo-Saxons invade England
453  Attila King of the Huns
496  Clovis unites the tribes of France
514  Mayans found Chichen Itza
537  Isidore of Miletus builds Hagia Sophia in Constantinople
590  Yan Chien unifies China
622  Muhammad travels to Medina
639  Muslim Caliphs expand the Arab Empire
683  Zero used in Cambodia
700  Ghana trades gold and salt
732  Charles Martel defeatsal al Rahman near Tours, France
768  Charlemagne becomes the first Holy Roman Emperor
790  Vikings raid Europe
802  King Jayavarman II of the Khmer Empire
810  Al-Khwārizmī (Algoritmi) publishes his Book on Calculation (Algebra)
900  Tiwanaku culture builds south of Lake Titicaca
947  Ce Acatl founds the Toltec Empire in Yucatan
980  Vladimir becomes ruler of Kiev
1000  Leif Ericsson sails to North America
1054  The Great Eastern Schism of the church
1054  Crab Nebula supernova
1066  William the Conqueror wins the Battle of Hastings
1095  Pope Urban II calls for the First Crusade
1096  Teaching begins at Oxford University
1113  King Suryavarman II builds Angkor Wat
1157  Ibn Rushd translates Aristotle
1200  Maori arrive in New Zealand
1202  Fibonacci publishes Liber Abaci
1209  Genghis Khan’s conquests
1215  King John of England signs the Magna Carta
1271  Marco Polo’s journey to China
1273  Aquinas interprets Aristotle
1299  Osman I founds the Ottoman Empire
1320  Dante’s Divine Comedy
1324  Wealthy Mansa Musa of Mali
1325  Aztecs build Tenochtitlan
1347  Black Plague from China to Europe
1368  Hongwu’s Ming Dynasty in China
1387  Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales
1400  Fra Angelico’s rare and perfect talent
1415  Henry the Navigator
1430  Durer and Bruegel in the Northern Renaissance
1431  Joan of Arc in France
1450  Incas build Machu Picchu
1453  Turks conquer Constantinople
1455  Gutenberg invents the printing press
1462  Ivan the Great rules Russia
1466  Leonardo da Vinci
1470  Sunni Ali expands the Songhay Empire
1488  Michelangelo and the High Rennaissance
1492  Columbus sails west to find Asia
1497  Vasco da Gama rounds the Cape of Good Hope
1517  Martin Luther’s Reformation
1519  Cortes conquers the Aztecs
1520  Suleiman the Lawgiver in the Ottoman Empire
1522  Magellan’s expedition circumnavigates the globe
1527  El Greco and Mannerism
1536  John Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion
1543  Copernicus publishes The Revolution
1550  Caravaggio, Bernini and Baroque
1558  Elizabeth I, Queen of England
1588  Britian defeats the Spanish Armada
1590  William Shakespeare’s first play
1607  Jamestown founded
1609  Galileo’s first telescope
1620  The Mayflower sails to Plymouth Rock
1633  Iemitsu closes ports in Japan
1637  Renee Descartes, the father of modern western philosophy
1653  Oliver Cromwell’s Civil War
1665  Newton’s and Leibniz’s Calculus
1690  John Locke
1703  Johann Sebastian Bach
1727  Leonhard Euler
1753  Carl Linnaeus, Biologist
1764  Mozart and the Classical period
1769  James Watt patents the steam engine
1776  James Cook ocean explorer
1776  US declares independence from Britain
1778  Beethoven and the Romantic Arts
1780  Jacques Louis-David, Neo-Classical painter
1781  Immanuel Kant’s philosophy
1787  US Constitution ratified
1801  Hegel’s absolute idealism
1801  Georg Friedrich Gauss teaches Bernhard Riemann
1802  Napoleon crowned consul for life
1808  Goethe publishes Faust
1819  Delacroix, Romantic Painter
1820  The British claim the South African Cape Colony
1821  Mexico independence
1840  Millet, Realist painter
1848  Marx’s Communist Manifesto
1859  Darwin publishes On the Origin of Species
1861  The American Civil War
1863  Khan defends Afghanistan
1864  Faraday and Maxwell
1865  Mendel founds genetics
1865  U.S. Congress bans slavery
1865  Claude Monet, Impressionist
1868  Emperor Meiji restores imperial rule in Japan
1873  Gauguin, Post-Impressionist
1876  Bell patents the telephone
1879  Edison’s electric light
1900  Boxer Rebellion in China
1900  Matisse, Picasso, and Duchamp
1901  Roosevelt and his rough riders
1903  Wright brothers’ first plane flight
1904  Sigmund Freud, psychoanalyst
1905  Einstein’s annus mirabilis
1908  Ottoman Empire reforms
1912  Hubble’s galaxies
1914  Gandhi in India
1914  Armenian Genocide
1914  World War I
1915  René Magritte, surrealist
1917  Lenin’s Bolshevik Revolution
1924  19th Amendment: Women’s Suffrage
1929  The Wall Street Crash and the Great Depression
1933  Hitler’s Holocaust
1940  World War II
1945  United Nations
1945  Green Revolution
1948  Mohandas Gandhi assassinated
1948  Nation of Israel
1954  Brown v. Board of Education
1957  Sputnik & Yuri Gargarin
1963  John F. Kennedy
1969  American astronauts walk on the moon
1975  The Vietnam War ends
1989  The Berlin Wall falls
1991  Gorbachev resigns; Communism outlawed
2001  September 11 and the War on Terror
2004  Information Age and the global internet